Şubat 2010'dan bu yana Akuakültür Uzmanı olarak görev yapan, EÜ Su Ürünleri Fakültesi Araş.Gör.Dr. Özgür ALTAN, Birleşmiş Milletler Gıda ve Tarım Örgütü tarafından yürütülmekte olan "Orta Asya Ülkelerinde Akuakültürün ve Balıkçılığın Geliştirilmesi Bölgesel Programı-FISHDEV" ile "Mersin Balığının Türkiye Sularına Geri Döndürülmesi ve Habitat Değerlendirmesi" konulu proje kapsamında sürdürdüğü projeler ve projeler arası sağlanan koordinasyon, FAO Başkan Yardımcısı Manoj Juneja tarafından takdirle karşılanmış ve Birleşmiş Milletler E-Dergisinin son sayısında başarı hikayesi olarak yayınlanmıştır. Bu sevinç ve gururu sizlerle paylaşıyoruz. Konuyla ilgili olarak FAO TÜRKİYE'deki projeyl haberin linki: http://www.unicankara.org.tr/2012_june/en/index.htm
Recovery of Sturgeon Population in Turkey: Habitat Assessment and Restocking
Sturgeon fisheries throughout the world have experienced substantial decline over the last few decades. Loss of habitat, degradation of spawning areas, pollution and over-fishing has contributed to the decline. Sturgeon fisheries in the Black Sea have also been reduced, and there is only anecdotal information that any sturgeon at all returned to Turkish waters to reproduce in recent years. The recovery of sturgeon populations was a priority for the Government of Turkey; however it was a long-term process which involves restocking, fishery management and habitat rehabilitation. After having determined the problem, the experts from Turkey and FAO came together and developed a TCP project, TCP/TUR/3202 (D): Recovery of Sturgeon Population in Turkey: Habitat Assessment and Restocking. This project aimed to take the necessary initial steps toward the recovery of sturgeon stocks in Turkey. The longer-term development objective of the project is therefore to contribute to the recovery process of the sturgeon populations in the Black Sea, through restocking, rehabilitation of critical sturgeon habitats and migration routes in Turkey's rivers and introduction of sustainable and responsible sturgeon fisheries management, which also supports the Black Sea ecosystem, improved the livelihoods of fisherfolk communities on the Black Sea coast and helped development of commercial sturgeon culture in Turkey. On behalf of the project between 2008-2011; three Turkish aquaculture experts was sent abroad to have enough information about hatchery techniques and feeding of sturgeons; Amasya-Yedikır Aquaculture Station was modified to produce sturgeon larvae; 2 kg of sturgeon eggs were imported from Russia, put into the modified station and were incubated successfully; two habitat assessment studies were organized in three rivers that are called Sakarya, Yesilirmak and Kizilirmak; fingerling sturgeons where were grown in Yedikir, were released after tagging training was held and their genetic variations were determined; two national workshop was organized in Samsun and Ankara to develop an action plan and strategy for future studies and finally a regional workshop will be organized on 19-20 October 2011 in Trabzon as a terminal workshop to share the information with Black Sea countries.
In April 2012, FISHDEV Central Asia (GCP/RER/031/TUR - Central Asia Regional Programme for Fisheries and Aquaculture Development) which have been conducted under FAO-Turkey Partnership Programme (FTPP), organized a regional training on Broodstock Management and Sex Determination by Ultrasound Method in Sturgeons in Baku-Azerbaijan. It was two days theoretical and one day practical training. The main trainers were Dr. Mikhail Chebanov and Dr. Elena Galich from South Branch Federal Centre of Selection and Genetics for Aquaculture, Krasnodar-Russia and Dr. Özgür Altan from FAOSEC, Ankara-Turkey. During the training, the participants had the information about sex determination in sturgeons and learnt how to manage their broodstocks in their own breeding stations. It was also an indicator training and a very good opportunity to give a way on their production methods for near future in their countries.
After 10 days from the regional training, the directorate of Trabzon Central Fisheries Research Institute announced that their experts who attended the regional training in Baku, successfully determined two female sturgeons that were ready to spawn and then they incubated the eggs. Unfortunately, the last period of the incubation could not be ended and the experts had to finalize the period. Although the result of the process was not successful, it was excellent to see the experiences which was obtained from the TCP project, were submitted into the information which was provided the via of GCP project. That event was one of the samples of the success stories which explains the importance of the interactions between the projects.